Flashing the rootfs on a NVIDIA Jetson TK1

I some how managed to mess up the file system on my Jetson TK1 within 2 days of receiving it and decided to start afresh by flashing back to the original rootfs.

NVIDIA provides a quick start guide on how to do this here on its Linux for Tegra R19 webpage. I am essentially paraphrasing those instructions so that I can get this done quicker the next time. Since the instructions are specific to release version it is possible that they could change for the next release.


You will need:

  1. A Linux host PC with enough free space on which you will prepare the file system before flashing it to the eMMC on the TK1 board over USB.
  2. micro USB to USB cable (should be included with the Jetson TK1 kit)

Download the following two files into the same folder:

  1. Jetson TK1 board support package aka BSP (called Tegra124_Linux_R19.2.0_armhf.tbz2) from here.
  2. Sample file system file (called Tegra_Linux_Sample-Root-Filesystem_R19.2.0_armhf.tbz2) from here.
mkdir tk1_reflash
cd tk1_reflash
wget https://developer.nvidia.com/sites/default/files/akamai/mobile/files/L4T/Tegra124_Linux_R19.2.0_armhf.tbz2
wget https://developer.nvidia.com/sites/default/files/akamai/mobile/files/L4T/Tegra_Linux_Sample-Root-Filesystem_R19.2.0_armhf.tbz2

Extract the BSP tarball:

sudo tar xpf Tegra124_Linux_R19.2.0_armhf.tbz2

Extract the FS tarball into a particular sub directory:

cd Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs
sudo tar xpf ../../Tegra_Linux_Sample-Root-Filesystem_R19.2.0_armhf.tbz2

Apply binaries:

cd ..
sudo ./apply_binaries.sh

The following output will be seen:

Using rootfs directory of: /home/you/tk1_reflash/Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs
Extracting the NVIDIA user space components to /home/you/tk1_reflash/Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs
Extracting the NVIDIA gst test applications to /home/you/tk1_reflash/Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs
Extracting the configuration files for the supplied root filesystem to /home/you/tk1_reflash/Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs
Creating a symbolic link nvgstplayer pointing to nvgstplayer-0.10
Adding symlink libcuda.so --> libcuda.so.1.1
Extracting the firmwares and kernel modules to /home/you/tk1_reflash/Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs
Installing the board *.dtb files into /home/you/tk1_reflash/Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs/boot

Write to eMMC over usb:

  1. Put your system into “reset recovery mode” by holding down the “RECOVERY” button and press “RESET” button once on the main board.
  2. Ensure your Linux host system is connected to the target device through the USB cable for flashing.

Verify that board was connected by running:

lsusb | grep -i nvidia

You should see the following:

Bus 002 Device 004: ID 0955:7140 NVidia Corp.

Next run the following command. I think the eMMC is supposed to the 16GiB, but I just used the exact command from the NVIDIA readme assuming that I should be able to resize it later.

sudo ./flash.sh -S 8GiB jetson-tk1 mmcblk0p1

UPDATE: The above command will leave space unused as pointed in the comments. To use all of the eMMC use “-S 14580MiB” (from: http://elinux.org/Jetson_TK1#If_you_need_more_disk_space_on_the_eMMC)

This should print something like the following and will take a loooong time:

copying dtbfile(/home/foobar/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra/kernel/dtb/tegra124-pm375.dtb) to tegra124-pm375.dtb... done.
Making system.img... 
 populating rootfs from /home/foobar/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra/rootfs... done.
 Sync'ing... done.
System.img built successfully. 
copying bctfile(/home/foobar/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra/bootloader/ardbeg/BCT/PM375_Hynix_2GB_H5TC4G63AFR_RDA_924MHz.cfg) to bct.cfg... done.
copying cfgfile(/home/foobar/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra/bootloader/ardbeg/cfg/gnu_linux_fastboot_emmc_full.cfg) to flash.cfg... done.
creating gpt(ppt.img)... 
*** GPT Parameters ***
device size -------------- 15766388736
bootpart size ------------ 8388608
userpart size ------------ 15758000128
Erase Block Size --------- 2097152
sector size -------------- 4096
Partition Config file ---- flash.cfg
Visible partition flag --- GP1
Primary GPT output ------- PPT->ppt.img
Secondary GPT output ----- GPT->gpt.img
Target device name ------- none
*** PARTITION LAYOUT(16 partitions) ***
[ BCT] BH 0 16383 8.0MiB 
[ PPT] UH 0 4095 2.0MiB ppt.img
[ PT] UH 4096 8191 2.0MiB 
[ EBT] UH 8192 16383 4.0MiB fastboot.bin
[ LNX] UH 16384 32767 8.0MiB boot.img
[ SOS] UH 32768 45055 6.0MiB 
[ GP1] UH 45056 49151 2.0MiB 
[ APP] UV 49152 16826367 8192.0MiB system.img
[ DTB] UV 16826368 16834559 4.0MiB tegra124-pm375.dtb
[ EFI] UV 16834560 16965631 64.0MiB 
[ USP] UV 16965632 16973823 4.0MiB 
[ TP1] UV 16973824 16982015 4.0MiB 
[ TP2] UV 16982016 16990207 4.0MiB 
[ TP3] UV 16990208 16998399 4.0MiB 
[ UDA] UV 16998400 30773247 6726.0MiB 
[ GPT] UH 30773248 30777343 2.0MiB gpt.img
copying bootloader(/home/foobar/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra/bootloader/ardbeg/fastboot.bin)... done.
Bootloader(/home/foobar/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra/bootloader/ardbeg/fastboot.bin) used as flasher.
Existing flash application(/home/foobar/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra/bootloader/nvflash) reused.
making zero initrd... 
Making Boot image... done
*** Flashing target device started. ***
./nvflash --bct bct.cfg --setbct --configfile flash.cfg --create --bl fastboot.bin --odmdata 0x6009C000 --go
Nvflash 4.13.0000 started
chip uid from BR is: 0x340010017408c1431c00000016018080
rcm version 0X400001
Skipping BoardID read at miniloader level
System Information:
 chip name: unknown
 chip id: 0x40 major: 1 minor: 1
 chip sku: 0x81
 chip uid: 0x000000017408c1431c00000016018080
 macrovision: disabled
 hdcp: enabled
 jtag: enabled
 sbk burned: false
 board id: 0
 warranty fuse: 0
 dk burned: true
 boot device: emmc
 operating mode: 3
 device config strap: 0
 device config fuse: 0
 sdram config strap: 3
RCM communication completed
BCT sent successfully
odm data: 0x6009c000
downloading bootloader -- load address: 0x80108000 entry point: 0x80108000
sending file: fastboot.bin
- 900492/900492 bytes sent
fastboot.bin sent successfully
waiting for bootloader to initialize
bootloader downloaded successfully
ML execution and Cpu Handover took 1 Secs
Partition backup took 0 Secs
setting device: 2 3
deleting device partitions
creating partition: BCT
creating partition: PPT
creating partition: PT
creating partition: EBT
creating partition: LNX
creating partition: SOS
creating partition: GP1
creating partition: APP
creating partition: DTB
creating partition: EFI
creating partition: USP
creating partition: TP1
creating partition: TP2
creating partition: TP3
creating partition: UDA
creating partition: GPT
sending file: ppt.img
\ 2097152/2097152 bytes sent
ppt.img sent successfully
padded 4 bytes to bootloader
sending file: fastboot.bin
- 900496/900496 bytes sent
fastboot.bin sent successfully
sending file: boot.img
\ 5912576/5912576 bytes sent
boot.img sent successfully
sending file: system.img
/ 8589934592/8589934592 bytes sent
system.img sent successfully
sending file: tegra124-pm375.dtb
- 34723/34723 bytes sent
tegra124-pm375.dtb sent successfully
sending file: gpt.img
\ 2097152/2097152 bytes sent
gpt.img sent successfully
Create, format and download took 1515 Secs
Time taken for flashing 1516 Secs
*** The target ardbeg has been flashed successfully. ***
Reset the board to boot from internal eMMC.
~/l4t/Linux_for_Tegra >

And thats it, we are all done!
Reboot your board and try not to mess up the file system again.

UPDATE: Added a short list of things I like to do post-install.

# verify that start stop restart works
sudo poweroff
sudo reboot

#got net?
sudo ping google.com

# get correct time
sudo ntpdate pool.ntp.org

# setup timezone, select US/Pacific
sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

# set sysclock, only if internet is down
#sudo date mmddhhmmyyyy.ss
#sudo date 050607002014

# check time on HW RTC
sudo hwclock --debug

# sync HW RTC to sysclock
sudo hwclock -w

# add automatic time update at startup and to crontab
sudo vi /etc/rc.local
# add the following lines
hwclock -w
# edit crontab for root
sudo crontab -e
# add following lines
5 * * * * ntpdate-debian
7 * * * * hwclock -w

# disable gui desktop and window manager
sudo mv /etc/init/lightdm.conf /etc/init/lightdm.conf.disabled
# from here: http://www.pathbreak.com/blog/ubuntu-startup-init-scripts-runlevels-upstart-jobs-explained

# enable universe in the apt source list
sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list

# update and upgrade
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

# install useful packages
sudo apt-get install git screen tree tcsh vim-gtk

# misc cleanup
sudo apt-get autoclean & sudo apt-get clean

7 thoughts on “Flashing the rootfs on a NVIDIA Jetson TK1

    • I forgot about resizing the root FS. Will give it a try and reply back if I figure something out.

      • Certainly, some of these sites will go away; perhaps as much as 50%. But the rest will try to morph. Remember, Rush Li278ugh&#am1b;s ratings were predicted to disappear when Bush II came into office; sadly, the lame hog is among us trying to foment violence for the Dem National Convention a la 1968.But it’s a different factor with lefties. For example, many lefties will be just as inclined to audit a Dem admin as a GOP one because we have higher standards. Besides, we’ve finally learned to be a bit less shy, a trait that got us eating GOP poopy smelling shoe leather for years.

  1. Great tutorial, there is some confusion on the “Download the following two files into the same folder:” step. You provide links to the packages that somehow are different from the ones you get from the wget commands (I was only able to decompress the sample filesystem of the wget package). I am also trying to get a bigger filesystem size beforehand.

  2. Pingback: Flashing the rootfs on a NVIDIA Jetson TK1 | Memory
  3. Thanks a lot for this tutorial. I succesfully flashed my device and all the messages shown here showed up on my linux terminal output. However, my Jetson won’t start after the flash. It powers up, but nothing is shown on the monitor connected via HDMI.

    Is it necessary that during the flash process, the HDMI monitor, the keyboard/mouse and ethernet must be connected to the device? Because I flashed it only with the power connected and with the device connected via micro-USB to USB to my linux desktop.

    Also, I had initially incorrectly flashed it to mmcblk0pl instead of mmcblk0p1 (“l” instead of “1”). But I reflashed it from scratch using the correct instructions later. I hope this hasn’t bricked the device.


  4. Pingback: Tortoise or Hare? Nvidia Jetson TK1 - Stephen Foskett, Pack Rat

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